Teenagers are faced with the difficult task of establishing a sense of identity. The =’ they are and what makes them unique. According to the American Psychological Association (2002), identity is made up of two components:
- Self-Concept: A set of beliefs about oneself including goals, roles, interests, values and religious or political beliefs.
- Self–Esteem: How one feels about one’s self-concept.
Adolescents develop a sense of identity by experimenting with different ways of appearing, sounding and behaving.
Adolescents also need to get along with others and make friends. To do this, they need to conquer some key skills:
- Recognising & managing emotions.
- Developing empathy
- Learning to resolve conflict in a positive way
- Learning to cooperate
The social development of any adolescent is likely to be heavily influenced by the nature of his or her community such as: